Is it time for the Hall of Fame to have another mass induction of Old Timers?

The National Baseball Hall of Fame held its first election in 1936, and the backlog of worthy players quickly became apparent. Although 40 future Hall of Famers received at least one vote for Cooperstown in 1936 from the Baseball Writers Association of America, just five were enshrined. Legends like Rogers Hornsby, Tris Speaker and Grover Cleveland Alexander needed multiple tries with the writers for a plaque. Earlier stars needed their own committee.

Between 1939 and 1949, 30 long-retired baseball greats were enshrined by an Old Timers Committee. Twenty-one of these inductions came in 1945 and 1946, nearly doubling the Hall of Fame in size. Early stars like Ed Delahanty, King Kelly, and others received their busts this way, and it may have seemed most Cooperstown-worthy players from 1920 and before were recognized.

More than 60 years later, another backlog is apparent.

The evolution of baseball research in recent decades along with the rise of Web sites like Baseball-Reference, Retrosheet, and Baseball Think Factory has made it easier to study and compare long-dead players who might otherwise be lost to history or only the most ardent baseball historians. There are dozens of notable baseball figures from 1920 or earlier who might merit induction to Cooperstown.

Here are eight men I would enshrine:

  1. Doc Adams: I emailed John Thorn for his picks, and he replied less than 30 minutes later with Adams and two other men he called “early giants,” Jim Creighton and William R. Wheaton. Adams is mentioned in Ken Burns’ Baseball (for which Thorn served as senior creative consultant) and was president of the New York Knickerbockers ball club from the 1840s to 1862. Adams helped devise the rules for the first official baseball game in 1846, pioneered the position of shortstop, and even sewed early balls himself.
  2. Pete Browning: Named the 2009 Overlooked 19th Century Baseball Legend by the Society for American Baseball Research, Browning hit .341 in a career than spanned 1882 to 1894, leading the league in batting three times. One of my regular readers let me know that Browning also was the first player to use a Louisville Slugger bat.
  3. Ray Chapman: A serviceable Cleveland Indians shortstop for nine seasons, Chapman was just entering his prime at 29 when he was killed by a pitched ball in August 1920. His death led to the banning of the spitball pitch, which helped end the Deadball Era.
  4. Bill Dahlen: From 1891 to 1911, Dahlen was a mainstay at shortstop, accumulating 2,461 hits and a career Wins Above Replacement rating of 75.9, tops of any eligible, non-enshrined player.
  5. John Donaldson: In June, I chronicled this Negro League and semi-pro hurler who won 363 games between 1908 and 1940 and was later the first black scout in the majors.
  6. Shoeless Joe Jackson: He’s in the Hall of Merit, the Hitters Hall of Fame, and he far surpassed Cooperstown playing standards. I’ve said it before: Why not forgive Shoeless Joe? With his .356 career batting average, Jackson would’ve had a plaque decades ago had he not helped throw the 1919 World Series. He’s inspired literature, film, and remains a tragic figure. If there were a mass induction of Old Timers, Jackson might be the only name most fans would know or care about.
  7. Bobby Mathews: Bert Blyleven has nothing on this guy as an underrated hurler long denied Cooperstown. Mathews went 297-248 with a 2.86 ERA, playing from 1871 through 1887, his 4,956 career innings 15th most all time. I recently looked at the Hall of Fame candidacy of Blyleven who has a few more career innings and a lot more strikeouts than Mathews. But Mathews has the most wins of any eligible pitcher not in Cooperstown.
  8. Spottswood Poles: A reader told me of Poles, who’s been described elsewhere online as “the black Ty Cobb.” In the midst of his 15-year career, Poles earned a Purple Heart in World War I as a sergeant in the 369th Hell Fighters. My reader told me this unit “had the Germans running in fear, since the 369th had many ball players that could throw grenades twice as far as any German had ever seen.”

Beyond this, there are many other players at least worth mentioning here. Ten men appeared on the ballot for 2010 Overlooked 19th Century Baseball Legend (side note: does anyone know who won?) Beyond Adams, Dahlen, and Mathews, the nominees were:

  • Ross Barnes
  • Bob Caruthers
  • Jack Glasscock
  • Tony Mullane
  • Harry Stovey
  • George Van Haltren
  • Deacon White

Browning, Caruthers, Dahlen, Glasscock and Jackson are in the Hall of Merit — the Baseball Think Factory-version of the Hall of Fame — but not Cooperstown. Others in this class include:

  • Cupid Childs
  • George Gore
  • Paul Hines
  • Home Run Johnson
  • Charley Jones
  • Sherry Magee
  • Hardy Richardson
  • Joe Start

Beyond this, here are a few names I found studying WAR rankings and batting similarity scores on Baseball-Reference:

  • George Burns
  • Lave Cross
  • Herman Long
  • Dave Orr

And here are six more players who don’t rate as high for career stats but each achieved some renown in their day for various reasons:

  • Babe Adams
  • Mike Donlin
  • Dummy Hoy
  • Duffy Lewis
  • Deacon Phillippe
  • Frank Schulte

I think it would be overkill to offer my opinion on all the players here though if anyone wants to take up the torch for any of these men or lobby for a ballplayer I didn’t mention, please feel free to add a comment or email me.

Who knows, maybe the Hall of Fame will take notice.

Related: A compilation of posts about Cooperstown and a link to my Tuesday feature, Does he belong in the Hall of Fame?

8 Replies to “Is it time for the Hall of Fame to have another mass induction of Old Timers?”

  1. Shoeless Joe, yeah! I totally think he got swindled out of baseball and that he didn’t throw any games. I read a lot on that a few years ago & came to that conclusion.

    I don’t think Chapman can be voted in, ’cause he didn’t play 10 seasons. I don’t think an early/unexpected death overrides that. I think of Darryl Kile, who died early but was instantly on the ballot ’cause of death, but I think he played more than 10 seasons. I’ll have to check that.

    John Donaldson should’ve been in a long time ago. I remember your article on him. I never heard of Bobby Matthews or Spottswood Poles but wow they sound awesome.

  2. The spitball ban was adopted by the joint rules committee of the major leagues on February 9, 1920. Chapman was beaned on Augst 16, 1920–more than six months later. Thus, the oft-repeated claim that his beaning was responsible for banning the spitball cannot possibly be true. (17 veteran spitballers were allowed to continue using the pitch under the grandfather rule.)

  3. Deacon White was named the 2010 winner. The results can be found at

    The ultimate goal of the 19th Century Committee’s Overlooked Legend Project is to bring attention to these forgotten greats and have the Hall address in a mass election like they did with the Pre-Negro Leagues and Negro Leagues greats that were inducted in 2006 when 17 finally received the ultimate honor.

  4. Hey Baseball fans!

    Help put Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams of the New York Knickerbockers in the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

    Time is running short. I’d like to ask you to take a few minutes to support a petition that will hopefully lead to the recognition of Daniel Lucius “Doc” Adams as a pioneer of the game of baseball through enshrinement in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. It’s about time that baseball honored those that helped develop and nurture the game rather than perpetuate myths and half truths.

    Please take a few minutes and check out and “sign” the petition and feel free to share it with your friends and family.

    Thanks for your time and support.

    You can read more about him here:

  5. Hardy Richardson “Old True Blue” was one of the Big Four. Traded from Buffalo with a hall of Famer Dan Brouthers…Won a championship in Detroit. Consistently batted over .300 with a lifetime overage of .299 or .300 depending on where you look. One of the best 2nd basemen of his era. Got his nickname for always getting big hits in the clutch. Scores boatloads of runs and always had a lot of RBI’s. He has a few pieces of memorabilia in the Hall of Fame…but I think he belongs in the actual Hall itself. Then again…he is my great great grandfather.

    1. I completely agree. His numbers are there with others who played in 1800s and are in the Hall of Fame. Hardy Richardson was in the Big Four. He was a star back then. He definitely would be a great Hall addition.

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